- 3 days ago
"In the 1890s, when Freud was in the dawn of his career, he was struck by how many of his female patients were revealing childhood [sexual] victimization to him. Freud concluded that child sexual abuse was one of the major causes of emotional disturbances in adult women and wrote a brilliant and humane paper called “The Aetiology of Hysteria.” However, rather than receiving acclaim from his colleagues for his ground-breaking insights, Freud met with scorn. He was ridiculed for believing that men of excellent reputation (most of his patients came from upstanding homes) could be perpetrators of incest.
- 3 days ago
My Least Favorite Trope (and this post will include spoilers for The Lego Movie, Guardians of the Galaxy, The Matrix, Western Civilization, and—cod help me—Bulletproof Monk*.) is the thing where there’s an awesome, smart, wonderful, powerful female character who by all rights ought to be the Chosen One and the hero of the movie, who is tasked with taking care of some generally ineffectual male character who is, for reasons of wish fulfillment, actually the person the film focuses on. She mentors him, she teaches him, and she inevitably becomes his girlfriend… and he gets the job she wanted: he gets to be the Chosen One even though she’s obviously far more qualified. And all he has to do to get it and deserve it is Man Up and Take Responsibility.
And that’s it. Every god-damned time. The mere fact of naming the films above and naming the trope gives away the entire plot and character arc of every single movie."
- 3 days ago
- 3 days ago
#cleopatra with the nose knocked off. I wonder if people still think she was European like the movies betray…
I still think it’s one of the most desperate things whites have done to blacks and to black history. The disrespect is outrageous. They came to our country and mentally could not fathom how these black civilizations could be so great. They literally rode through our lands and shot the noses off of our statues. Why? So that the statues would no longer resemble the African people and they could LIE about the origins of Egypt and countless other civilizations. It was a widespread practice. It’s why statues of Pharaoh’s and their wives have no noses. It’s why the Sphinx has no nose. When I was in middle and high school, we were taught that the noses had fell off due to time and poor craftsmanship! They have literally tried to teach us that our ancestors were shitty builders of noses just to hide their malicious destruction of our heritage. European fears of African peoples had to come from somewhere. I want to know what part of the history is missing. There’s something that they don’t want to be told.
The shade is real
i was taught that the noses fell off as well and actually continued to believe this. in retrospect this makes no sense, considering greek/roman statues pretty much always have intact noses whereas egyptian ones are always conveniently missing theirs. thank you for pointing this out to me, i hadn’t even made that connection until now.
The bolded was me too and I am seriously embarrassed that I never even thought about how that could be false.
Damnnn. I hate myself for not realizing this.
I hate myself even more, since I know the ancient Egyptians created their sculptural works with the idea of permanence in mind. They were literally built to last throughout the afterlife. Notice how the majority of their monumental sculpture is stone-bound, without any protruding elements or breakable appendages. That’s because many of these sculptures were intended to house the life-force (Ka) of those they portrayed. Of their favorite materials were basalt and diorite, both extremely hard stones that were incredibly difficult to carve. Meaning a nose just doesn’t “fall off” because of “poor craftsmanship,” you would literally have to take a hammer to it. Fuckers.
I’m embarrassed and ashamed to add myself to the list of people who where taught that the noses “fell off” as a child and never once stopped to think about how incongruous that was to everything I had been taught about the Egyptian civilizations and their propensity for lasting works of art.
I was never taught this. In fact, by the time I entered an integrated school setting, the Egyptian portion of history was usually brief and skipped until the Roman Empire entered the story.
Prepare thyself for an infodump.
So it’s pretty much accepted that it is not just a matter of weathering and erosion that is to blame for the disfigurement of many of the these ancient Egyptian works (though it certainly has had damaging effects on the large outdoor ones such as the Sphinx and the pyramids; erosion effects everything over time), but the reason you probably didn’t learn about who disfigured them in high school is because we don’t actually know. There are a number of theories and conflicting accounts that have made pinning the damage on any one individual or groups of individuals very difficult. The Sphinx’s missing nose and beard is something they did teach at my high school, but it was in AP Art History not general World History, so its kind of different.
Basically, the popular legend is that Napoleon’s troops were the ones who shot the nose off the Sphinx (and there’s good reason this has taken root as the popular explanation, because there is an account written by a French solider about using it as target practice), but there are also historical records and accounts of the Sphinx that predate Napoleon’s arrival that reference its damaged condition. Additionally, it has been determined that the nose was chiseled off, not shot off.
The truth of it is that no one knows for sure who vandalized the Sphinx.
One thing that has to be taken into consideration is the history and motivations for iconoclasm in this region. There is record of rulers defacing the statues of those who preceded them, both as a way to demonstrate political superiority in this life and as an attempt to do harm to the deceased leader in the after life (if you consider that Ancient Egyptians believed that the spirits of the deceased lived on in their monuments. There is a theory that the targeting of noses and lips were intended to asphyxiate and kill the spirit, but this is just a theory.) For example: Hatshepsut was almost stricken from historical record all together by the thorough destruction of her monuments by her stepson Tuthmosis in his attempt to claim her peaceful rule as a part of his own. Her time as pharaoh was forgotten by history for almost 3000 years. Now, no one thinks this is what happened to the Sphinx specifically, but its conceivable the other statues (such as the one in the picture above) were damaged by political rivals. That’s not a behavior unique to this region or time though, but politics.
Another big motivation for iconoclasm besides politics is religion, which is the basis for two of the most popular the theories of the sphinx’s missing nose. Arab conquerors came to area in the 7th century AD and, recognizing the Sphinx as serving a religious function, might have desecrated it. Antiquities weren’t really recognized as such and Arab conquerors tended to view these artifacts with anything ranging from mild disdain to as a major affront to Allah. Iconoclasm in this period was common. To my knowledge there isn’t any direct primary source evidence pointing to the damage to the sphinx being done at this time (though I’ll admit its been a few years since I actually went looking for any), some people hold the theory that it is most likely that the damage was inflicted during this era.
Another theory is that the nose was lost in 1378 AD, thanks to a 15th century Arab historian, al-Marqrizi, wrote about a Sufi peasant named Sa’im al-Dahr who, upon seeing locals performing a religious ceremony before the Sphinx, was so outraged that he vandalized the monument and was hanged for the crime. The problem with this account is that it claims the nose and ears were damaged, but the Sphinx as it exists today still has his ears. Even if al-Marqrizi’s account isn’t true, it demonstrates that the question of who damaged the sphinx was being asked as early as the mid-1400’s. We cannot date or explain how this particular instance happened with any certainty, but we can trace, through written records, how long the question has been asked.
tl;dr: The vandalism of the Sphinx is one of the history’s greatest unsolved mysteries. But the fact that historians have been writing about it since the 15th century and there is evidence that it was chiseled (not shot) off, makes the popular story that Napoleon’s troops shot off the missing nose is implausible (note: not impossible, but implausible). Honestly, it is a good thing it’s not taught in schools as a fact, because it’s not a fact. It’s just one of many theories.
This is all really interesting and good but I just wanna add that the replies along the lines of “I hate myself/am so ashamed I didn’t realize” etc really rub the wrong way because oh my fucking god the point of bringing up how Euro-centric and racist a lot of popular and general conceptions of history are and the way white people have and continue to erase the historical significance and autonomy of peoples of colour is not to make people feel bad or ask people to performatively self-flagellate over how ignorant they are or were, people of tumblr please stop encouraging one another to think social activism is about going on about what an awful person you are for not realizing something social justice related or some shit oh my god that is so fucking unhealthy and unhelpful and fucked up.
Oh for sure, but you can think you’ve unlearned shitty things for so very long, and then something like this comes up and you feel like such a twat for believing.
(via applenapoleon)Source: poetofwar333
- 4 days ago
- 4 days ago
Artist - 池上のろし
This is just f’ing beautiful. It’s all of The Majors!
Fucking kudos to you there, artist.
[Yes, before fans of this blog point it out to me. I know it’s not ALL of The Majors. There are a bunch of male guerrilla fighters, Scylla, and that one dude that ran the Solid State that are missing, etc. But this is at least all of the ‘major’ Majors. ;p Or to be more precise, it’s ALL of the Motokos.]